RS Tax Tip 2023-89, July 10, 2023
Kids are expensive. Whether you just brought a bundle of joy home from the hospital, adopted a teen from foster care, or are raising a grandchild, freelancers often have more flexibility when it comes to childcare – but not with the costs. There are several tax breaks that can help.
Here are some tax tips for new parents
- Get the child a Social Security or Individual Tax Identification number
To claim parental tax breaks, the taxpayer must have their child or dependent's Social Security number, Adoption Tax Identification Number or Individual Tax Identification number. Confirming a child's birth is the only way the IRS can verify that the parent is eligible for the credits and deductions they claim on their tax return.
- Check withholding
A new family member might make taxpayers eligible for new credits and deductions, which can greatly change their tax liability. They can use the IRS Withholding Estimator to check their withholding. Taxpayers should provide their employer with an updated Form W-4, Employee's Withholding Certificate, if they want to change how much tax is withheld from their paycheck.
Check eligibility for these tax credits and deductions
- Child Tax Credit
Taxpayers who claim at least one child as their dependent on their tax return may be eligible for the Child Tax Credit. For help figuring out if a child qualifies for this credit, taxpayers can check Does My Child/Dependent Qualify for the Child Tax Credit or the Credit for Other Dependents?
- Child and Dependent Care Credit
If taxpayers paid someone to take care of their children or another member of their household while they work, they may qualify for the Child and Dependent Care Credit regardless of their income. Taxpayers who pay for daycare expenses may be eligible to claim up to 35% of their daycare expenses with certain limits.
- Adoption Tax Credit
This credit lets families who are in the adoption process during the tax-year claim eligible adoption expenses for each eligible child. Taxpayers can apply the credit to international, domestic, private and public foster care adoptions.
- Earned Income Tax Credit
The Earned Income Tax Credit helps low- to moderate-income families get a tax break. If they qualify, taxpayers can use the credit to reduce the taxes they owe – and maybe increase their tax refund.
- Credit for Other Dependents
Taxpayers with dependents who don't qualify for the Child Tax Credit may be able to claim the Credit for Other Dependents. Taxpayers can use the Does My Child/Dependent Qualify for the Child Tax Credit or the Credit for Other Dependents tool on IRS.gov to help determine if they are eligible to claim the credit. They can claim this credit in addition to the Child and Dependent Care Credit and the Earned Income Credit.